Dengue fever: How serious is it?

What do you need to know about Dengue? Homecare for Dengue Dengue Control Prevent Dengue during Pregnancy Dengue fever is a viral infection that is spread by mosquitoes. It is a big health issue in tropical and subtropical parts of the world like Africa, Asia and South America. Statistics show that around 100 million cases occur each year. What is the cause of dengue fever? There are 4 kinds of dengue viruses which can cause the infection. These viruses are spread by Aedes mosquitoes which thrive in and near human housings. When a mosquito bites a person who is suffering from dengue infection, the virus enters the mosquito. When this infected mosquito bites another person, the virus gets transferred to that person and leads to infection. Dengue does not spread directly from one person to another. After the person recovers from the infection, they may have immunity to one type of virus that caused the infection but not to other types of dengue viruses. The risk of developing a severe dengue fever which is known as dengue hemorrhagic fever increases if the infection happens second or the third time. What are the symptoms of Dengue fever? Many people may not experience any signs and symptoms during a mild case of dengue fever. When symptoms do occur, they generally appear 4 to 7 days after you are infected by the dengue virus and last for up to 10 days. Dengue causes sudden high fever – up to 104 F – along with other symptoms like: Body pain Headache Pain behind the eyes Nausea Vomiting Swollen glands Rash People usually recover...

What is dengue fever?

Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection caused by dengue flavivirus. It is a significant vector-borne disease and has become a global problem causing epidemics in many countries. It is the most common arthropod-borne viral disease. Outbreaks may occur in the monsoon season as breeding of the Aedes aegyti is rampant. What are the symptoms? Dengue presents with various symptoms such as high-grade fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, rash, muscle and joint aches. More severe cases may present with bleeding disorders and low blood pressure. Cause of illness The causative agent is the dengue virus which lives within the mosquito and does not cause any harm to the mosquito. The mosquito becomes infective after feeding on a dengue patient. Once this happens, the mosquito remains infected for life. The Aedes aegypti prefers to live close to the humans and to feed on humans than other vertebrates. Dengue is spread by various species of the Aedes mosquito, mainly Aedes aegypti. The dengue virus has four types of multiple infections. One of these types gives lifelong immunity. The rest of the types give only short-term immunity, and reinfection can occur. What needs to be done? If you develop any of the symptoms, it is better to visit your healthcare provider at the earliest. Tests to be done Blood will be checked for complete blood count, detecting antibodies to the virus dengue antigen and other tests as deemed necessary by the treating physician. Types of dengue fever Classical Dengue Fever: This is also called break-bone fever. After exposure of 7 -10 days, illness presents with fever, headache and other minor symptoms, this is the...

15 Tips to Stay Safe from Dengue Fever

Expert tips to stay guarded this monsoon The onset of dengue has always coincided with the end of the monsoons. This monsoon season more than 100 positive cases of dengue were reported at RxDx. Dengue is a viral infection caused by the bite of an infected female Aedes mosquito. The symptoms of Dengue are usually high fever accompanied by rashes. The best way to prevent dengue virus infection is to take precautions to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes. Below are a few tips that may help reduce your risk of mosquito bites: Turn over empty pails and buckets so that they do not collect excess water. Cover the buckets and drums that are used for storing water. Clean out all empty flower pots. Ensure you do not over water potted plants. Clean and empty water bowls of domestic pets at home and the water bowls of birds in the balcony. Repair broken septic tanks and cover vent pipes with wire mesh if any. Discard the plants that you keep in water at home. Wear clothes that can cover you completely. Wear long-sleeved shirt, long pants and closed-toe shoes instead of sandals. Apply mosquito repellents whenever possible or wear mosquito patches. The mosquitoes that carry the dengue viruses are most active from dawn to dusk; keep windows and doors closed during theses hours. If you have a cooler at home, make sure you clean it regularly. Keep the dustbins clean; do not let any dirt get collected to avoid mosquitoes. Light camphor as it will help in keeping the mosquitoes away. Sleep under a mosquito net. Adult mosquitoes tend to...