To understand Autism, Step into their shoes

April is Autism awareness month. ‘Autism’ – it is the fastest growing developmental disorder in India. According to research the number of children being diagnosed in our country has increased to 7,500 every year. So,what is Autism? “Autism, or autism spectrum disorder, refers to a range of conditions characterized by challenges with social interaction, communication, restricted interests and repetitive behaviors, as well as by unique strengths and differences. Every single child with Autism does not share the same set of features and challenges with another autistic child. They are ‘unique’. The term ‘spectrum’ reflects the wide variation in challenges and strengths possessed by each person with autism. “ So,what should you know? Most recent studies identified that Autism is caused by combination of genetic susceptibility and environmental triggers. Autism can be identified as early as 18 months of age. By monitoring the child’s developmental pattern in the early years will help in identifying the disorder at the earliest. Early intervention plays a key role in treating children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). As mentioned above, one of the domains that children with autism spectrum disorders have challenges in is with Communication. To explain in brief, Communication is the process of exchanging information, feelings and thoughts between two or many people which involves listening-encoding-decoding-responding. Common challenges in Communication  Atypical language developmental pattern  Responding to name call, instructions, and conversations  Express their needs, feelings and interests verbally  Difficulty in learning speech and language from the environment  Using body language, signs and gestures to communicate The blog attempts to address the above challenges by providing tips which could improve the effectiveness of...