Down’s Syndrome, Trisomy Twenty-onederful

Hurrah!! I have an extra chromosome. Well, we have something extra and isn’t that cool? Alright, what are we talking about here? We are talking about the condition called Down’s Syndrome. Today many of us having Down’s syndrome are leading a very normal satisfactory life. We did our schooling, got our degree also got a job! We are enjoying every moment in our lives now. But to get here we have overcome lot of hitches and it’s definitely not so easy. Now we really wish that everyone with Down’s Syndrome could reach where we are today. Let’s join hands to bring in awareness to them that they can also do it and we should ‘Leave no one behind’. Down’s syndrome is one of the most common genetic abnormalities seen in humans. It is found in about one per 1,000 babies born each year. In 2015, Down’s syndrome affected 5.4 million individuals globally and resulted in 27,000 deaths, down from 43,000 deaths in 1990. Let us first make you aware of what exactly is Down’s syndrome- Every cell in the human body has genes which carries all the information about how the body will grow, function and look. Genes are packed in rod-like structures called chromosomes. Each cell has 23 pairs of chromosomes. Down’s syndrome is a genetic disorder in which an individual is born with an extra copy of chromosome 21 in each cell. This extra genetic material leads to physical and developmental changes. Down’s syndrome is associated with mild to moderate intellectual disability, physical growth delay and distinguishing facial features. The average IQ of a young adult with...