H1N1 Swine Flu – Causes, Signs, Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

H1N1 commonly known as Swine Flu is an acute respiratory disease. It was initially detected in people who had direct contact with pigs. However, the recently reported cases showed the emergence of a new virus H1N1 that has been reported in people who had no contact with pigs. Due to its rapid spread around the world, in 2009, WHO declared it a pandemic disease. In India, it was reported predominantly in the states of Andra Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra, Karnataka and West Bengal. Causes Swine flu virus infects the cell lining of nose, throat, and lungs. The virus mutates very fast and the currently circulating strains in India as per WHO are predominantly H1N1 followed by A(H3N2) and B viruses. Some of these strains infect only animals and birds and whereas other strains infect only human. Spread One can get infected by the droplets from a cough and the sneeze of the infected person. When an infected person sneezes or coughs, they release multiple tiny droplets. If you come in contact with these drops or touch a surface where the drops landed you’ll be exposed to the infection. Population at risk People who are 65 yrs and older. Chronic conditions like Asthma, Diabetes, Heart and other Respiratory problems Pregnant women Young children are at high risk. Children with lethargy, low appetite, breathing difficulty are also considered in the high risk category. Signs and Symptoms Some people are at higher risk for becoming seriously ill if they are infected with swine flu. High grade fever with chills Headache Body ache Cough and cold Sore throat Running nose Vomiting Severe tiredness. Stuffy nose/running nose Fatigue Diagnosis The...