World Health Day 2019- Health for All

The World Health day is celebrated all around the world on 7th April every year under the aegis of World Health Organization (WHO) to draw the attention of people towards the importance of global health. This year’s World Health Day, on 7th April 2019, WHO is focusing on Universal Health Coverage. What is Universal Health Coverage? UHC means that every person and community should receive healthcare services without suffering the financial burden. It should include the full range of necessary health services from prevention, promotion to treatment and palliative care. Safeguarding people from the financial consequences as a result of paying for health services from their own pocket can reduce the risk of people being pushed to poverty because of unexpected expenditure on diseases. Primary health care is the best and most cost effective way to provide universal health coverage (UHC) around the world. What is Primary health care? Primary health care is an approach to healthcare which is aimed at fulfilling the needs of individuals, families and communities. It addresses comprehensive and interrelated physical, social and mental health and wellbeing. It provides services for healthcare needs of a whole-person throughout life and not just for treating some specific diseases. Primary health care makes sure people receive complete care ranging from prevention to treatment and rehabilitation as close as to their living environment. Who is a Primary healthcare provider? A healthcare professional, who is the first point of contact in the medical system, can be called as Primary healthcare provider. Usually people visit a General practitioner or family physician as a first step when they have any health problem...

Dehydration – Causes, Signs, Symptoms & Prevention

Human body comprises 75% water which is present in both intracellularly and extracellularly. Dehydration refers to a condition that involves excessive loss of body water, leading to disturbed metabolic processes. It is generally an imbalance between water loss vs. water intake. CAUSES Diarrhea – Usually when large intestine is unable to hold water in a condition like fever or infections, it excretes water resulting in dehydration. Vomiting – Nausea & vomiting restricts the ability to hold down water thereby reducing the intake. Sweating – In certain conditions like humid and hot weather, strenuous physical activity and fever, the sweating increases. This is body’s defense mechanism which leads to dehydration. Diabetes – Due to the consistent rise in blood sugar, the body tends to excrete glucose via urine, removing water along with it and leads to dehydration. Frequent urination – Conditions like diabetes, excessive alcohol intake, and certain medications such as diuretics, antihypertensives, antihistamines, antipsychotics, leads to frequent urination. Burns – Skin is the first protective barrier for the body which also regulates fluid loss. Dehydration in burn cases is caused due to the inability of the skin to prevent this fluid loss. Signs & Symptoms Mild to moderate dehydration can lead to signs & symptoms like: Increased thirst Dry mouth Tired & sleepy Decreased urine output Yellowish color of the urine Headache Dizziness Dry skin Muscle cramps Palpitations Bad breath Dry eyes & blurred vision Severe dehydration can lead to following symptoms: Results in low urine output along with a change in color to deep yellow. Dizziness may hamper regular walking and standing. Low blood pressure Rapid heart rate...

Neck pain & Spondylosis – Risk factors, Diagnosis and Treatment

Neck Pain Neck pain is a widespread medical condition that has affected almost all of us at some point or other. Causes: Neck pain can be caused due to a number of diseases or underlying condition. Common reasons for the neck pain include Spondylosis and spondylitis due to inflammation of the vertebral joints. Degenerative disc disease Neck strain Neck Injury Herniated disc or a pinched nerve Neck pain can also arise from various infections such as Viral Infection & throat infection leading to swelling of lymph node and neck pain. Neck pain due to tuberculosis of neck Infection of spine bone in the neck (osteomyelitis and septic discitis) Meningitis accompanied by stiffness of the neck Neck pain arising from conditions that directly affect the neck muscle Fibromyalgia Polymyalgia Rheumatica Risk Factor Neck pain is inevitable, however knowing about the risk factors can reduce your chances of a chronic neck pain and potentially increase your overall health and well-being. Some of these are: Bad posture Prolonged sitting Injury due to involvement in contact sports Motor-vehicle accidents Bull or bronco horse riding, Prolonged sitting & Bad Posture This is the most common cause of neck and back pain and is commonly seen in IT professions which involves sitting in a single position for a prolonged duration of time. Sitting with chin protruding forward for prolonged hours puts a strain on the ligaments provoking neck pain. In the same token sitting with back protruding and rounded puts a similar strain on the ligaments. Mechanical pain arises when the joint between the 2 bones has been placed in a position that overstretches the...

Hypertension- Causes, Risks, Diagnosis and Treatment

Overview High blood pressure is known as a silent disease as it may not present with any symptoms. However, it may slowly damage your organs like heart, brain, kidneys, and eyes if not treated appropriately and by timely intervention. This untreated high blood pressure can lead to major illnesses like stroke and heart attack to name a few. Luckily blood pressure can be easily detected and monitored. The blood is pumped by the heart and the resistance of the arteries would determine the blood pressure. Symptoms: Generally most patients have no signs, some may present with a headache, chest pain and shortness of breath. Some may present with bleeding from the nose. Causes Blood pressure is categorized into two types. Essential Hypertension where the cause is unknown and Secondary Hypertension where the cause is known like obstructive sleep apnoea, kidney ailments, polycythemia medications like decongestants, oral contraceptives and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like diclofenac. Other reasons could be congenital disorders of the blood vessels, excessive alcohol, and drugs like cocaine and methamphetamines. Genetic and environment over activation of sympathetic nervous and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone, blunting pressure natriuresis, cardiovascular and renal development variation, elevated intracellular sodium and calcium can also be implicated as a cause of hypertension. High blood pressure has many risk factors, including: Age- More common after 45 yrs of age in men, women over 65 yrs will be affected too. Race- More common in Asians and blacks. A familial trait is possible. Being overweight or obese. Physically inactive individuals. Using tobacco increases your heart rate and causes damage to arteries. Excessive salt intake. Deficient potassium. Hypovitaminosis D. Drinking too much...

​10 Food Myths you still think are true​

  1) Myth: Raw carrots are more nutritious than cooked ones. Fact: Cooking breaks down fiber, making it easier for your body to process. The process breaks down the tough cellular walls that encase the beta-carotene there by increasing its nutritional value.     2) Myth: Eggs with brown shells are more nutritious than those with white shells. Fact: The color of the eggshell does not affect nutrition, but indicates the color of the bird’s feathers and earlobes.     3) Myth: No carbs diet is the key to faster weight loss. Fact:  Absence of carbs in diet can cause low energy levels resulting in reduced body metabolism. A complex carb is high in fiber content and increases body metabolism that helps in faster weight reduction.     4) Myth: Nuts contain high amount of fats. Fact: Nuts are an excellent source of a wide range of essential nutrients, including vitamin E, several forms of vitamin B, and minerals such as calcium, zinc, iron, magnesium, and potassium.     5) Myth: Remove the skin before cooking chicken. Fact: Baking, grilling, broiling, or roasting chicken with the skin intact helps preserve its natural juices. You can cook with the skin — and then remove it before serving.     6) Myth:The Azinamoto found in some Chinese dishes can trigger headaches and other reactions. Fact: It probably is not the monosodium glutamate; people are most likely reacting to histamine, tyramine, and phenylethylamine.     7) Myth: Olive oil is best for Health. Fact: Olive oil is not a great source of omega 3 fatty acid and therefore cannot be considered as the...