What is Congenital Heart Disease? How to Diagnose it?

Pediatric Heart Diseases Pediatric heart diseases includes congenital heart disease (present from birth) and Acquired heart disease (Developed after birth). They involve the walls, chambers, valves, arteries and veins of the heart. Congenital Heart Disease Congenital heart disease is the most common birth defect and is an important cause of childhood morbidity and mortality worldwide. Congenital heart disease accounts more deaths in the first year of life than any other condition. Some of these congenital heart diseases present early in life with symptoms like not gaining weight / fast breathing / bluish discoloration, whereas some may not have any symptoms at all and present late in life when any intervention may not be feasible. Acquired Heart Disease Heart disease that develops after birth is described as an acquired heart disease. Common acquired heart diseases include rheumatic heart disease, Kawasaki’s disease, cardiomyopathy and arrhythmias. How do we diagnose heart diseases in children? Careful history taking and a detail clinical examination by a paediatrician / paediatric cardiologist may help suspecting a cardiac problem in a child. Further investigations like Electrocardiogram (ECG), Chest X-ray, and Echocardiogram (ultrasound of the heart) would confirm a heart disease in a child and guide a paediatric cardiologist for further plan. Sometimes, further investigations like Computed Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Holter/Event Monitoring, Stress Test are also needed. Additional care by other specialities like Dietician may be needed in congenital and acquired heart diseases. For booking, appointment call us today!!! If you have further questions then please contact us on....

5 Foods That Reduce Blood Pressure

Hypertension or high blood pressure is defined as systolic blood pressure averaging or above 140 mm hg and diastolic blood pressure averaging or more than 90 mm hg. It is one of the common lifestyle disorder now. There can be further contraindication of long-term hypertension which can put you at risk for certain health conditions like stroke and heart disease. Dietary approaches to stop hypertension diet ( DASH diet) involves specific principles which aims at eating healthy along with reduction of sodium in diet & add variety of foods that are rich in nutrients like potassium, calcium and magnesium which lowers blood pressure. Certain examples of such foods are yogurt, tilapia fish, banana, red bell pepper, broccoli and sweet potato. There some specific foods which helps in relaxation of blood vessels thus lowering down the blood pressure. Following are the foods : Beetroot : Nitrates in foods can be converted to nitric oxide which signals the cells in arteries to relax and thus reducing blood pressure. Nitrates when not exposed to high temperatures can become nitric oxide. A good example of naturally occurring nitrates is Beetroot. Consumption of beetroot juice daily tend to lower your pressure.   Garlic : Quite known for its taste in Indian cooking , it also does wonders when eaten raw. Allicin – the sulfur compound which is active ingredient in garlic is formed when garlic is crushed or chopped. It helps in reducing blood pressure. Supplement your diet by eating 2-3 cloves of raw garlic daily.   Fish oil : Fish along with A class protein also provides healthy fats – Omega 3 fats....