Hepatitis: All You Need to Know

Inflammation of the liver is called Hepatitis. Usually, it is caused due to viral infection, but there can be other possible causes too like autoimmune hepatitis and hepatitis due to drugs, medications, alcohol and toxins. Based on the type of viruses, there are 5 different types of viral hepatitis: Hepatitis A: It is caused by hepatitis A virus (HAV). It is usually acute and short-term disease. It spreads by consuming food or water contaminated by the stool of an infected person. Hepatitis B: It is caused by the Hepatitis B virus. Hepatitis B spreads through contact with infectious body fluids such as vaginal secretions, semen or blood containing the virus. Having sex with an infected person, contaminated syringes or sharing a razor with an infected person can increase the risk of getting infected. It is estimated by the CDC that worldwide, around 350 million people live with Hepatitis B. Hepatitis C: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes Hepatitis C. it is transmitted through direct contact with infected blood through contaminated injections or blood transfusion. Sexual transmission can also happen, but it is less common. There is no vaccine for HCV. However, Hepatitis C can be cured. Hepatitis D: It is a serious Liver infection caused by Hepatitis D virus (HDV). It is transmitted through contact with infected blood. It is a very rare form of hepatitis and it only occurs along with Hepatitis B infection. Hepatitis E: It is a waterborne disease caused by the Hepatitis E virus (HEV). It is mainly found in areas with poor drainage and sanitation Infection occurs due to ingestion of food or water contaminated...