Risk factor, Signs, Symptoms of Vitamin B12 Deficiency

What is Vitamin B12? Vitamin B12 also known as cobalamin is a water-soluble vitamin helps in the production of healthy red blood cells that carry oxygen around the body. Deficiencies of vitamin B12 makes the body produce larger than normal red blood cells and are described as megaloblasts or macrocytes. Source of Vitamin B12 Vitamin B12 is naturally found in animal products, including fish, meat, poultry, eggs, milk, and milk products. Vitamin B12 is generally not present in plant foods, but fortified breakfast cereals are a readily available source of vitamin B12 with high bioavailability for vegetarians. Risk factors for Vitamin B12 deficiency Factors that might put you at an increased risk of Vitamin B12 deficiency are: Dietary Factors: People who are vegetarian are not able to get the required amount of vitamin B12 from their diet. Since vitamin B12 is found in eggs, dairy products, meat, poultry, and fish, non-vegetarians are at a lower risk of suffering from vitamin B12 deficiency. People who are in elderly stage. Alcohol addiction. The medical condition such as Crohn’s disease, celiac disease, stomach disease, stomach ulcers, thinning of the stomach lining affects the absorption of vitamin B12. Poor diet in infants. Poor nutrition in expectant mothers. Pernicious anemia: It is an autoimmune disorder that obstructs the absorption of vitamin B12 from the food into the body Surgeries which removes a part of your stomach responsible for absorption of vitamin B12 Medication for diabetes, acidity and indigestion. Signs and Symptoms of Vitamin B12 Deficiency Weight loss Loss of appetite Fatigue and tiredness Diarrhoea Nausea Breathlessness Irritability Increased heart rate Tingling sensation in limbs...

4 Lifestyle Changes to Prevent Hypertension

Myth: Nervousness, sweating, difficulty sleeping or facial flushing are the early signs that every hypertensive patient will experience. Fact: High blood pressure is mostly symptomless “Silent Killer”. If you ignore your blood pressure because you don’t have the early signs and symptoms, then you are taking a dangerous chance with your life. In most cases, there are no symptoms for hypertension. Typically people find out they have hypertension accidentally when they visit a doctor with complaints of headache, dizziness, back pain etc. Research shows that very rarely do people have signs of hypertension and visit a doctor to get a high blood pressure diagnosed. Evident signs of high blood pressure can appear when the condition becomes severe for an extended period of time. Pre-hypertension is a condition in which the blood pressure (BP) is between 120/80 mmHg and 139/89 mmHg. Systolic BP ranges between 120 to 139 mmHg and the Diastolic BP ranges between 80 to 89 mmHg. Pre-hypertension should be considered as a warning sign which indicates that you may get High blood pressure in future. Some of the conditions that contribute to pre-hypertension are:    Atherosclerosis    Kidney disease    Adrenal disease    Thyroid disease    Medications like contraceptive pills decongestant etc.     Condition that increases the risk of pre-hypertension   Age: Younger adults are at higher risk of prehypertension.   Family history: If your parent or a sibling has high BP, then you are more likely   to develop pre-hypertension   Lack of physical activity:  Lack of exercise can increase the risk of pre-hypertension.   Tobacco: Smoking or chewing tobacco can increase your blood pressure.   Alcohol: Taking more than two...

5 Foods That Reduce Blood Pressure

Hypertension or high blood pressure is defined as systolic blood pressure averaging or above 140 mm hg and diastolic blood pressure averaging or more than 90 mm hg. It is one of the common lifestyle disorder now. There can be further contraindication of long-term hypertension which can put you at risk for certain health conditions like stroke and heart disease. Dietary approaches to stop hypertension diet ( DASH diet) involves specific principles which aims at eating healthy along with reduction of sodium in diet & add variety of foods that are rich in nutrients like potassium, calcium and magnesium which lowers blood pressure. Certain examples of such foods are yogurt, tilapia fish, banana, red bell pepper, broccoli and sweet potato. There some specific foods which helps in relaxation of blood vessels thus lowering down the blood pressure. Following are the foods : Beetroot : Nitrates in foods can be converted to nitric oxide which signals the cells in arteries to relax and thus reducing blood pressure. Nitrates when not exposed to high temperatures can become nitric oxide. A good example of naturally occurring nitrates is Beetroot. Consumption of beetroot juice daily tend to lower your pressure.   Garlic : Quite known for its taste in Indian cooking , it also does wonders when eaten raw. Allicin – the sulfur compound which is active ingredient in garlic is formed when garlic is crushed or chopped. It helps in reducing blood pressure. Supplement your diet by eating 2-3 cloves of raw garlic daily.   Fish oil : Fish along with A class protein also provides healthy fats – Omega 3 fats....