Hypertension- Causes, Risks, Diagnosis and Treatment

Overview High blood pressure is known as a silent disease as it may not present with any symptoms. However, it may slowly damage your organs like heart, brain, kidneys, and eyes if not treated appropriately and by timely intervention. This untreated high blood pressure can lead to major illnesses like stroke and heart attack to name a few. Luckily blood pressure can be easily detected and monitored. The blood is pumped by the heart and the resistance of the arteries would determine the blood pressure. Symptoms: Generally most patients have no signs, some may present with a headache, chest pain and shortness of breath. Some may present with bleeding from the nose. Causes Blood pressure is categorized into two types. Essential Hypertension where the cause is unknown and Secondary Hypertension where the cause is known like obstructive sleep apnoea, kidney ailments, polycythemia medications like decongestants, oral contraceptives and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like diclofenac. Other reasons could be congenital disorders of the blood vessels, excessive alcohol, and drugs like cocaine and methamphetamines. Genetic and environment over activation of sympathetic nervous and renin-angiotensin-aldosterone, blunting pressure natriuresis, cardiovascular and renal development variation, elevated intracellular sodium and calcium can also be implicated as a cause of hypertension. High blood pressure has many risk factors, including: Age- More common after 45 yrs of age in men, women over 65 yrs will be affected too. Race- More common in Asians and blacks. A familial trait is possible. Being overweight or obese. Physically inactive individuals. Using tobacco increases your heart rate and causes damage to arteries. Excessive salt intake. Deficient potassium. Hypovitaminosis D. Drinking too much...

4 Lifestyle Changes to Prevent Hypertension

Myth: Nervousness, sweating, difficulty sleeping or facial flushing are the early signs that every hypertensive patient will experience. Fact: High blood pressure is mostly symptomless “Silent Killer”. If you ignore your blood pressure because you don’t have the early signs and symptoms, then you are taking a dangerous chance with your life. In most cases, there are no symptoms for hypertension. Typically people find out they have hypertension accidentally when they visit a doctor with complaints of headache, dizziness, back pain etc. Research shows that very rarely do people have signs of hypertension and visit a doctor to get a high blood pressure diagnosed. Evident signs of high blood pressure can appear when the condition becomes severe for an extended period of time. Pre-hypertension is a condition in which the blood pressure (BP) is between 120/80 mmHg and 139/89 mmHg. Systolic BP ranges between 120 to 139 mmHg and the Diastolic BP ranges between 80 to 89 mmHg. Pre-hypertension should be considered as a warning sign which indicates that you may get High blood pressure in future. Some of the conditions that contribute to pre-hypertension are:    Atherosclerosis    Kidney disease    Adrenal disease    Thyroid disease    Medications like contraceptive pills decongestant etc.     Condition that increases the risk of pre-hypertension   Age: Younger adults are at higher risk of prehypertension.   Family history: If your parent or a sibling has high BP, then you are more likely   to develop pre-hypertension   Lack of physical activity:  Lack of exercise can increase the risk of pre-hypertension.   Tobacco: Smoking or chewing tobacco can increase your blood pressure.   Alcohol: Taking more than two...

Benefits of Quinoa and Amaranth

Quinoa is treated as the new savor in the world of food market.It has become a hero whether in case of watching weight or diabetes. However it is important to know what product are you accumulating in your lifestyle and are there any traditional counterparts for them?? Quinoa is a pseudo cereal. It is a powerhouse of number of nutrients like protein, calcium, phosphorous, potassium, magnesium. It is also a good source of oleic fatty acids. It contains heart friendly mono saturated fatty acids- alpha linoleic acids. Moreover it is gluten free. It also has low glycaemic index which proves beneficial for blood sugars. Its antioxidant properties helps fighting against aging & many diseases. It is also a source of flavanoids like quercetin, kaempferol which are antiviral, anticancer & also anti depressant. Although it is highly nutritious we might also look at the traditional counterparts. Amaranth or rajgeera resembles to quinoa in many ways. It is again gluten free, significantly reduces cholesterol levels, great source of protein and all essential amino acids, powerhouse of minerals like calcium, magnesium, potassium, phosphorous etc along with vitamins like A, C, E, K, B5, B6, folate, niacin & riboflavin. The phytonutrients helps in controlling hypertension and diabetes. The antioxidants helps in controlling the hormones. However there are certain areas where amaranth proves to be better than quinoa: Lysine protein is more in amaranth than in quinoa. Amaranth also succeeds quinoa in fiber content. Amaranth is high in iron and calcium content Amaranth is lighter on pocket as well. So, start eating your rajgeera ladoos and porridges or pop them like popcorns and get...

5 Foods That Reduce Blood Pressure

Hypertension or high blood pressure is defined as systolic blood pressure averaging or above 140 mm hg and diastolic blood pressure averaging or more than 90 mm hg. It is one of the common lifestyle disorder now. There can be further contraindication of long-term hypertension which can put you at risk for certain health conditions like stroke and heart disease. Dietary approaches to stop hypertension diet ( DASH diet) involves specific principles which aims at eating healthy along with reduction of sodium in diet & add variety of foods that are rich in nutrients like potassium, calcium and magnesium which lowers blood pressure. Certain examples of such foods are yogurt, tilapia fish, banana, red bell pepper, broccoli and sweet potato. There some specific foods which helps in relaxation of blood vessels thus lowering down the blood pressure. Following are the foods : Beetroot : Nitrates in foods can be converted to nitric oxide which signals the cells in arteries to relax and thus reducing blood pressure. Nitrates when not exposed to high temperatures can become nitric oxide. A good example of naturally occurring nitrates is Beetroot. Consumption of beetroot juice daily tend to lower your pressure.   Garlic : Quite known for its taste in Indian cooking , it also does wonders when eaten raw. Allicin – the sulfur compound which is active ingredient in garlic is formed when garlic is crushed or chopped. It helps in reducing blood pressure. Supplement your diet by eating 2-3 cloves of raw garlic daily.   Fish oil : Fish along with A class protein also provides healthy fats – Omega 3 fats....