Why you need BCG Vaccine(TB Vaccine)? 4 Myths & Facts on Tuberculosis

Globally, about 1 million cases of pediatric tuberculosis are estimated to occur every year accounting for 10–15% of all tuberculosis (TB). The exact burden of childhood TB in India is unknown due to diagnostic difficulties but it is estimated to be 10% of the total adult incidence. The proportion of pediatric TB cases registered under RNTCP has shown an increasing trend. Prevention of childhood tuberculosis is thus an important priority. Tuberculosis Tuberculosis is a serious form of infection that affects lungs and at times other parts of the body like bones, joints and kidneys. It is caused by bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is derived from the bovine tuberculosis strain and was first developed in 1921 by the French microbiologist, Albert Calmette, and the veterinary surgeon, Camille Guerin. The two common strains in use are Copenhagen (Danish 1331) and Pasteur, of which the former was produced in India at the BCG Laboratories, Guindy, Tamil Nadu till recently. It has an efficacy of 75–86 % for prevention of miliary and meningeal form of Tuberculosis & 50% for pulmonary tuberculosis. How do you get Tuberculosis? Tuberculosis spreads through air, one contracts TB by breathing in TB bacteria. These bacteria get released in the air by who already has the bacteria in their body. Bacteria that causes tuberculosis in human being usually affects the lungs but can also affect other parts of the body. Infection by mycobacterium tuberculosis won’t necessarily make you sick as you can have either latent TB or TB disease. TB happens when a person with latent TB becomes sick. Some individuals become sick as soon as they get infected,...
Tuberculosis Treatment | Can TB be cured easily?

Tuberculosis Treatment | Can TB be cured easily?

  Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious illness caused by the airborne bacteria Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Only two forms of TB i.e. TB in the lungs or throat (Pulmonary TB) are infectious. However, TB can also affect any other part of the body, including brain, kidneys or bones. This is called non-pulmonary TB – which is not infectious. Every year, 8.6 million people globally are diagnosed with TB, and 1.3 million die because of this disease. The main reason for the huge casualties is that they cannot get the drugs that would make them better. India has the largest number of TB incidences in the world. When a TB-infected person sneezes or coughs, they send fine water droplets into the air which contains the infected TB bacteria. If you breathe in these bacteria over a long time you may become ill with TB. But most people’s immune system is strong enough to kill the T.B bacteria. Some become T.B carriers (Inactive) while some have full blown TB disease. The most common symptoms of TB are: A cough for three weeks or longer Un-explained weight loss Gradual loss of appetite High temperature or fever Night sweat incidences Extreme fatigue or lack of energy. TB treatment takes at least six months.  Treatment is usually a mixture of four antibiotics. Discontinuing medication in between will give rise to Drug Resistant TB in patients. Drug-resistant TB occurs when TB bacteria becomes resistant to the two most powerful antibiotics normally used to treat the illness. This means the TB becomes more difficult to treat and treatment will take much longer up to 18 months. Remember – TB...