Hypoglycemia in Diabetes – Symptoms, Causes, Risks, Treatment & Prevention

Hypoglycemia in Diabetes Hypoglycemia is a condition in which the sugar level in blood becomes less than 72 mg/dl. Being aware of the early signs of hypoglycemia will allow you to treat your low blood sugar levels better. Hypoglycemia is commonly seen in type 1 diabetes but is also prevalent in type 2 or adult-onset diabetes. Hypoglycemia can be detrimental to the body in many ways; it can even cause neurological damage leading to stroke and coma. Common Symptoms of Hypoglycemia: Fine tremors Excessive sweating Dizziness Palpitations Fatigue Pale skin Confusion Loss of consciousness Coma Risk factors for Hypoglycemia: Low blood sugar can happen to anyone. However, a severe fall in blood sugar can occur in people who are on medications such as Insulin and Sulfonylureas  (such as glibenclamide, gliclazide, glipizide, glimepiride) It is important to know whether your diabetes medication puts you at risk for Hypoglycemia. Talk to you physician to know more about it Causes of Hypoglycemia: Higher than needed dosage of Insulin Large intervals between meals Exercise without eating Alcohol intake Treating Hypoglycemia: A mild case of hypoglycemia can be treated through eating or drinking 15-20g of fast-acting carbohydrates such as glucose tablets, sweets, sugary fizzy drinks or fruit juice. A blood test should be taken after 15-20 minutes to check whether blood glucose levels have recovered. In case of a seizure or a loss of consciousness that persisted for more than 5 minutes, an ambulance might be required an, for example. Preventing Hypoglycemia The key to preventing hypoglycemia is to understand why it occurs and then taking actions to stop it. Testing blood sugar levels regularly can help...