Hepatitis: All You Need to Know

Inflammation of the liver is called Hepatitis. Usually, it is caused due to viral infection, but there can be other possible causes too like autoimmune hepatitis and hepatitis due to drugs, medications, alcohol and toxins. Based on the type of viruses, there are 5 different types of viral hepatitis: Hepatitis A: It is caused by hepatitis A virus (HAV). It is usually acute and short-term disease. It spreads by consuming food or water contaminated by the stool of an infected person. Hepatitis B: It is caused by the Hepatitis B virus. Hepatitis B spreads through contact with infectious body fluids such as vaginal secretions, semen or blood containing the virus. Having sex with an infected person, contaminated syringes or sharing a razor with an infected person can increase the risk of getting infected. It is estimated by the CDC that worldwide, around 350 million people live with Hepatitis B. Hepatitis C: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes Hepatitis C. it is transmitted through direct contact with infected blood through contaminated injections or blood transfusion. Sexual transmission can also happen, but it is less common. There is no vaccine for HCV. However, Hepatitis C can be cured. Hepatitis D: It is a serious Liver infection caused by Hepatitis D virus (HDV). It is transmitted through contact with infected blood. It is a very rare form of hepatitis and it only occurs along with Hepatitis B infection. Hepatitis E: It is a waterborne disease caused by the Hepatitis E virus (HEV). It is mainly found in areas with poor drainage and sanitation Infection occurs due to ingestion of food or water contaminated...

Top 5 Myths And Facts About Vaccination

The Internet gives you a lot of information on vaccines but not all that you read is true. Sometimes it is difficult to determine whether facts are falsified deliberately or due to lack of knowledge. Below are the five most common myths that are believed by people without knowing the facts. Myth 1: MMR vaccine causes Autism Fact: There is a widespread fear that MMR vaccines can cause Autism which originated from a study published by a British Surgeon in 1998. However, the paper was completely discredited due to serious procedural errors and ethical violation. Later many studies were conducted which showed no evidence or links between the vaccine and likelihood of developing Autism. Though the clear cause of autism is yet to be identified, but studies have identified symptoms of Autism in kids well before administration of the Vaccine. Studies have also found evidence that Autism develops in Utero, that’s much before a baby is born or receives any vaccination.   Myth 2: Natural Immunity is better than vaccine acquired Immunity Fact: In a case of a few conditions it is believed that the natural immunity results in stronger immunity. However, the dangers and the complications of this approach outweigh the benefits. But the fact is that getting exposed to any kind of infection, equally, increases your chances of developing further complications from the disease. Hence, it is always safer to get immunization done. Myth 3: Flu Vaccine a big No No!! I am allergic to eggs Fact: The quantities of egg protein present in the vaccines now are much lesser than in the earlier vaccines.  So most individuals with mild...