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Relevant Medical Conditions

Alzheimer’s Disease (AD)

A progressive neurodegenerative disorder, Alzheimer’s Disease has no cure. What starts as gradual impairment in behaviour, thinking or functioning abilities, performing daily activities, can proceed towards delusions, diminished capability of judgement, and loss of orientation or balance leading to fractures or injuries. In advanced stages, severe loss of brain function may lead to life-threatening or even fatal complications.

Cognitive therapies, medications to control some symptoms, and professional supervision may make things easier for such patients.

Quick Facts about Alzheimers

Cardiovascular Disorder (CVD)

A cluster of disorders related to cardio or heart and vascular or blood vessels – two major systems, cardiovascular diseases are one of the top chronic health conditions among the adult population in the world right along with diabetes.
Arrythmias, coronary artery diseases (CAD), pulmonary embolism, heart failure, etc, the list goes on. High BP is a major risk factor to cardiovascular disorders.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

A type of lung disorder, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease or as commonly known by the acronym COPD is an inflammatory condition in which a patient’s lung function deteriorates progressively. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema are common diseases and symptoms associated with COPD. The obstructed airflow from lungs lead to breathing difficulties, wheezing, sputum, chronic cough. While bronchodilators are the go-to medication for COPD, oxygen therapy and pulmonary rehab have been known to bring significant improvement in patient’s condition.

Dementia

This term is used to club together symptoms related to cognitive impairments that may compromise a person’s social and occupational functioning capability. Signs of Dementia can be memory loss, difficulty in performing daily activities, orientation problems, deteriorated ability to think, calculate, behave in ways normal for the individual.

Early diagnosis and timely assistance from professionals can help a patient function better.

Alzheimer’s Disease is a major contributor to dementia.

Diabetes

Diabetes is a group of conditions with various types and causes, whose primary metabolic symptom remains the same, blood sugar levels well above the normal range. Prediabetics usually have higher than normal sugar in the blood but not enough to be categorized as diabetic. Timely medical intervention and appropriate diet plus exercise can reverse the condition. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after childbirth.

However, type 1 and type 2 diabetes result from either low production of insulin from the pancreas or body’s diminished capability to respond to the insulin (insulin resistance eventually developing into type 2 Diabetes). No matter the cause, blood sugar levels shoot up. Medication or insulin administration, monitoring blood sugar levels, weight loss through diet and exercise are the best ways of diabetes management, as there is no cure.

Heart disease (HD)

This is a type of Cardiovascular disorder. Though both terms are often used interchangeably, CVD is an umbrella term under which HD falls. Cardiomyopathies or issues with the heart muscles, congenital heart defects, heart infections, any ailment related to the heart can be a serious condition. Look out for signs like chest pains, shortness of breath, numbness of arm or leg, pain in neck, jaw, upper abdomen or back. Regular monitoring, diet, and exercise are of great help in dealing with chronic disorders.

Hypertension

Not only is this a very common long-term medical complication, high blood pressure is a symptom of other far serious conditions like heart or kidney disorders. Hence, accurate vitals measurement, fluctuation monitoring, diet and guided physical activities are significant.

Joint Replacement

Quite a common surgery, joint replacement (usually knee or hip) may have complications if proper care is not taken. A nurse can dress the surgical site the right way to keep it dry and clean and check for signs of infection or inflammation. Recovery and rehabilitation is strongly oriented around assisted physiotherapy.

Parkinson’s disease (PD)

Progressive disorder of the central nervous system, Parkinson’s Disease often starts with barely noticeable effect on the movement that gradually advances to debilitating symptoms like tremors, stiffness, bradykinesia (slow movement), loss of balance, etc that greatly reduce the person’s mobility. Confusion, amnesia or dementia, reduced facial expression, other such signs are also associated with disease progression.

Recovery after a hospital stay, illness, or injury

A considerably long stay in the hospital, a long illness or injury that has taken time to recover from, can often lead to weakness and reduced ability to perform daily functions. Nurse’s visit, doctor on call, and physio support can help such patients rebound to health faster than without the professional help.