Learning difficulty in children is a serious condition and therefore requires early help from experts. Every brain works in a different way. In some children or even adults, the brain can’t process new information at the same rate. This may be due to genetic, developmental, or environmental reasons, among the commonly understood factors.
“My child takes too much time to learn new things.”
How many times have you heard your friend or relative say that? How many times have you worried for your own kid?
Some think it’s an excuse, some call it “being slow“.
Let’s read on to understand a little more about the causes, types, signs, detection, and ways of handling learning disorders.
- Learning Difficulty or Learning Disability
How do we receive information?
We read, ask, hear.
How do we process the information?
We read, write, listen, try to understand the instructions we receive.
No, not really that simple. There’s a long pathway involving our senses and brain. Processing information, even the basic daily chores, require certain capabilities of the brain which may be lacking in some people.
And no, you can stop relating this with someone’s smartness. In fact, it has been observed that people with average or above average intelligence level suffer from learning difficulties. It’s just that such patients see, read, hear, and perceive things in a different way than someone without this difficulty. As a result, children can’t perform well in class, people can’t manage daily activities the way they are expected. A problem with learning process brings the disparity between one’s capabilities and expectations.
Autism, ADHD, these aren’t same as learning issues either. Let’s talk about these conditions another day.
- Types of Learning Disabilities
- Types of Learning Disabilities
Reading Difficulty: Dyslexia
A dyslexic individual may have difficulty reading something fluently. After reading, they may struggle with understanding, recalling, or drawing deductions from what they have just read. Such children may find spelling, grammar, and comprehension, challenging.
Reading disability difficulty may be associated with other language-based learning disorders and make it difficult for the patient to communicate or express themselves well.
Writing Difficulty: Dysgraphia
Difficulty with numbers: Dyscalculia
- Nonverbal learning difficulties
Auditory Processing Disorder
Visual Processing Disorder
Children with Visual Motor Deficit have poor hand-eye coordination and flounder with drawing, copying, following text on paper. They also have a tough time distinguishing two objects of similar looks.
Language processing disorder
- A school-going child’s dilemma with learning disability
The signs of learning disability are often missed out. We do not recognize the battles our kids have, in school or home, while studying. We may assume some events as tantrums or that kids are lazy. Now that we are beginning to fathom the possibility of a disorder in such kids, maybe we consider finding out ways to help our wards at home or in school.
Detecting a child’s learning difficulty may be possible if we watch out for:
- Lack of improvement in a child’s academics even with help from teachers and/or parents, for a minimum of 6 months period
- Child shows progress below expectations judged by the age and grade
- A child struggles with daily activities beyond studies
- Has no known visual / hearing impairment, intellectual Disability
Psychologists and Special Educators diagnose the type of learning disorder by looking for these and more specific signs.
Ms Trisha Ray
Consultant Psychologist and Special Educator
She is highly skilled in Psychological Consultation, Assessment (up to 17 years), and Psychotherapy for children, adolescents, and adults.
Ms Trisha can be consulted at RxDx Healthcare, Whitefield, or Online via platforms such as Skype, Mfine or WhatsApp (Telepsychology).