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Vascular Surgery

Vascular surgery
What is Vascular Surgery?

Vascular surgery is a surgical subspecialty which deals with the diseases of vascular system- arteries, veins and lymphatic circulation.

Who are Vascular surgeons?

Specialists who are highly trained to treat diseases of the vascular system are called Vascular surgeons.

What is a vascular disease?

Vascular disease is caused by weakness and inflammation of arteries and veins due to build up of fatty deposits in the blood vessels. The accumulation of these deposits occurs over a long period of time and can remain symptomless until the blood vessels are so damaged, that the blood flow to organs and muscles gets compromised and leads to pain and tissue death.

Vascular disease can lead to coronary heart disease and heart attack, it may also cause stroke by affecting the arteries supplying blood to the brain.

What are the risk factors for vascular disease?

Several risk factors increase the formation of fatty deposits in the blood vessels, like:

  • Smoking
  • Diabetes
  • Being overweight
  • Stress
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol levels
  • Family history of vascular disease, angina, heart attacks or stroke
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Lack of exercise
What are the common vascular conditions?
Following are some of the arterial and venous diseases and their presentations:

  • Ischaemia (PAD-Peripheral arterial disease) is a condition associated with restricted blood supply to tissues caused due to blockage of arteries. Ischaemia not only causes a shortage of oxygen which is needed for cellular metabolism, but it also leads to reduced availability of nutrients and inadequate removal of metabolic wastes from the affected area. Ischaemia in limbs can cause pain while walking (Claudication); blackish discoloration of toes/distal part of the foot/ hand (Gangrene) and ulcers that are resistant to healing.
  • Varicose veins (dilated veins) are abnormally enlarged veins that are usually blue, purple, or skin-colored. They appear dilated and twisted and may seem as raised above the surface of the skin. They commonly affect adults with an increased prevalence in women. Various risk factors include advanced age, prolonged sitting/standing, obesity, pregnancy, hormone therapy (HT), birth control pills, injury, prior vein surgery, a history of blood clots, and family history. They could be asymptomatic or cause vague symptoms such as discomfort, ache, swelling or can present with skin changes around the ankles and frank non-healing ulcers. They result from leaky valves in the veins which usually should maintain unidirectional flow towards the heart.
  • Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is yet another venous condition often missed. This could result from the stasis of blood, obstruction to flow by narrowing or tendency of clotting. If not diagnosed and treated, there is a risk of clot going up the bloodstream and lodging in lung arteries (Pulmonary embolism) causing cardiac failure.
What is different at RxDx?

RxDx is committed to providing consultations for vascular conditions, ranging from minor to life-threatening problems. To support the consultations there are diagnostic facilities available to diagnose vascular diseases, which helps the vascular surgeon to plan the right course of action for the patient.

If you are looking for a Vascular surgeon, call and book an appointment with an experienced and skilled Vascular surgeon at RxDx Multispeciality Clinic, Bengaluru.

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