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Hypertension- Causes, Risks, Diagnosis and Treatment

High blood pressure is known as a silent disease as it may not present with any symptoms. However, it may slowly damage your organs like heart, brain, kidneys, and eyes if not treated appropriately and by timely intervention. This untreated high blood pressure can lead to major illnesses like stroke and heart attack to name a few.
Luckily blood pressure can be easily detected and monitored. The blood is pumped by the heart and the resistance of the arteries would determine the blood pressure.

What Is Chronic fatigue syndrome?

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a complex disorder characterized by extreme fatigue. The fatigue may worsen with physical or mental activity but does not improve with rest. The cause of chronic fatigue syndrome is difficult to pinpoint; it could be multifactorial— ranging from viral infections to psychological stress or as a result of a combination of any of these. It is difficult to diagnose and would require a series of tests to rule out other causes which may present with the same spectrum of symptoms.
The affected individual may present with fatigue, memory loss or unable to concentrate. They may also present with a sore throat, flu-like symptoms, feeling dizzy, palpitations, headaches, muscle or joint pains, sleep which does not refresh them. Swollen glands in the neck or armpits. However, the most classical presentation is extreme tiredness which lasts for more than one day especially after physical exercise or mental strain. This is called as post-exertional malaise.

What is laser hair reduction? Pros and Precautions

‘Permanent hair removal’ should be distinguished from ‘permanent hair reduction’.
It requires an understanding of physiological hair cycle. Selective-photothermolysis ensures laser absorption only by the target chromophore and subsequent microscopic damage to the concerned tissue, thus responding to the reduction in hair growth.

So laser session is advised in the growing phase of the hair for better response. The colour of skin and hair, as well as hair shaft characteristics, play a role in successful laser hair removal treatment. Lasers used in hair removal are many.
The choice of laser depends upon the skin type and the hair type.

World Asthma Day- Facts, Diagnosis and Treatment

Asthma is a common, chronic (persisting for a long time) condition affecting the respiratory system in which the airways (breathing tubes) overreact to environmental or direct triggers which leads to chronic airway irritation and inflammation. Asthma can start at any age more commonly in childhood or early adulthood but even may appear for the first time in old age. The chronic irritation leads the linings of the breathing tubes to swell up and produce more secretions giving rise to symptoms such as a cough with or without sputum and wheezing (the whistling sound from the chest during breathing).

All you need to know about your ‘Voice’ on ‘World Voice day’ April 16th

One of the components that define what we speak is ‘Voice’. It is produced by the vibration of the ‘vocal folds’ also called “Voicebox” that’s located in our throat. When this so-called ‘voice’ is abnormal, the overall quality of speech is affected and sounds unpleasant. People might have encountered brief episodes of hoarseness or rough voice when they have a cold or a cough excessively. It remains for the shorter duration. If the same abnormal voice quality lasts for more than 3 weeks, then it’s high time that we consult an ENT, SLP and get evaluated.
A condition that presents with an abnormality in voice parameters, i.e. pitch, loudness and quality that impacts speech production.

Chikungunya – Signs, Symptoms, Complications & Prevention

Chikungunya is a self-limiting viral disease caused by chikungunya virus which is transmitted to humans by an infected female Aedes aegypti, mosquitoes.
Chikungunya symptoms include fever and severe joint pain. Other commonly seen symptoms include muscle pain, headache, nausea, fatigue and skin rash. Joint pain is often debilitating involving all the joints; it varies in severity and duration. Patients with severe joint pain should be suspected to have chikungunya.
The clinical signs and presentation are similar to other viral infections especially dengue and can be misdiagnosed as dengue clinically. Dengue fever which can be diagnosed at the early stage of fever by laboratory tests should be done to rule out.

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