Symptoms, Complications and Prevention of Typhoid Fever

Enteric fever commonly known as Typhoid Fever is an acute bacterial infection caused by bacteria Salmonella Typhi (S.Typhi). Typhoid Fever is prevalent in areas with poor sanitation.  Causes Typhoid Fever is contracted by consuming water or food contaminated by bacteria S.Typhi. People with acute illness can contaminate the surrounding water supply through feces, which contains a high concentration of the bacteria. Contamination of the water supply can, in turn, contaminate the food supply. Less frequently Typhoid also spreads through the urine of infected person. S.Typhi enters through the mouth and stays in the intestine for 1-3 weeks. The bacterium lives in the bloodstream of humans and spreads into other tissues and organs. No animals carry this disease, so transmission is always human to human. The other ways of the spread of Typhoid Fever includes: Using a toilet that is contaminated with Salmonella bacteria and not washing hands properly before eating. Consuming seafood contaminated with the bacteria. Eating raw or inadequately cooked vegetables grown using human waste as fertilizer. Through oral or anal sex with a carrier of Salmonella Typhi bacteria. Risk Factors Age – Typhoid infection predominantly occurs in school kids and young adults. It is common in people who consume outside food. Usually, it is a disease caused due to contaminated water and poor sanitation practices. Peak incidence of this infection occurs through July to September People who have strains of Salmonella are at increased risk of acquiring the infection. Cooks being the carriers of infection, have a propensity for causing Typhoid infections Carriers Around 2-5% of those who suffer from Typhoid, continue to carry the bacteria in...