Think you have PCOS? – Understand PCOS: Risks, Symptoms & Complications, Diagnosis & Treatment

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) also known as Stein-Leventhal syndrome is a common endocrine system disorder characterized by a hormonal imbalance among women of reproductive age. It is the leading cause of infertility in women. The female body secretes two types of female hormones, Estrogen and a Luteinizing hormone and a very little amount of male hormone i.e. Androgen. In case of PCOS, the production of androgen is increased which leads to various problems in the ovaries. Healthy ovaries produce egg which when not fertilized gets released every month as a part of the healthy menstrual cycle. Women with PCOS may have enlarged ovaries which contain small collection of fluids called as follicles that are located in the ovary as seen in the ultrasound scan. These harmless follicles are usually up to 8mm in size and are underdeveloped sacs in which the eggs develop. In case of PCOS, the egg may not develop or it may not be released during an ovulation as it normally should do. Causes The exact cause of PCOS is not known, but below are a few factors that may play a role: Excess Insulin: Pancreas secretes insulin, a hormone that allows the body cells to use sugar (glucose). In the case of insulin resistance, body’s ability to use insulin effectively gets impaired as a result of which body has to produce an excess amount of insulin to make glucose available to all the body cells. An excess amount of insulin might affect the ovaries by increasing the androgen production, which interferes with the ovulation procedure. Hormonal Imbalance: Raised Androgens:A male hormone, produced in small amounts...